Did you know that Maryland archaeologists can date Native American culture back to over 11,000 years ago?
This would have been when the first Paleo-Indians arrived from other parts of North America. They most likely arrived because they were exploring the area for hunting purposes.
Approximately 3,000 years ago, Maryland was home to over 8,000 Native Americans consisting of over 40 different tribes. These first Marylanders farmed, fished, hunted and traded with other tribes as far away as 300 miles. Fast forward to 17th century Maryland and you would have encountered tribes such as: Accohannock, Assateaque,Choptank,Delaware, Matapeake, Nanticoke,Piscataway,Pocomoke, and Shawnee.
Descendants of these Native American tribes still live in Maryland today. And other tribes not native to Maryland, such as the Lumbee who came to the Baltimore area after World War II. In a recent census, “more than 40,000 individuals in Maryland identified themselves as being Native American or part Native American” (American Indian Tribes Today – Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail (US National Park Service). The State of Maryland formally recognizes the following three tribes: the Piscataway Indian Nation, Piscataway Conoy Tribe, and the Accohannock Indian Tribe.